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Tuesday, July 21, 2020 | History

2 edition of kidney in sickle cell disease found in the catalog.

kidney in sickle cell disease

S. Kojo Addae

kidney in sickle cell disease

by S. Kojo Addae

  • 271 Want to read
  • 21 Currently reading

Published by Ghana Universities Press in Accra .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Sickle cell anemia -- Complications.,
  • Kidneys -- Diseases.

  • Edition Notes

    Includes bibliographies and index.

    StatementS. Kojo Addae.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRC641.7.S5 A32
    The Physical Object
    Pagination156 p., [1] leaf of plates :
    Number of Pages156
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL4473968M
    LC Control Number79301304

    CKD and Sickle Cell Disease. There are relatively few data on the prevalence of CKD in adults in SSA. This is in part because of the high childhood mortality in children with sickle cell disease in Africa, where an estimated 50–80% die before : Dwomoa Adu, Akinlolu O. Ojo. Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are known to develop many potential functional and structural renal abnormalities. Because the relatively hypoxic, hypertonic milieu of the renal medulla promotes sickling at the level of the vasa recta, patients may develop urinary concentrating defects, impaired potassium excretion, renal insufficiency Cited by:

    Sickle cell nephropathy is a type of nephropathy associated with sickle cell disease which causes kidney complications as a result of sickling of red blood cells in the small blood hypertonic and relatively hypoxic environment of the renal medulla, coupled with the slow blood flow in the vasa recta, favors sickling of red blood cells, with resultant local infarction (papillary Specialty: Nephrology. Glomerulopathy and chronic kidney disease in sickle cell nephropathy Patients with SCD develop proteinuria and renal impairment that over time would progress to CKD.

    Introduction. Sickle cell disease (SCD) is an autosomal recessive hemoglobin disorder arising from the substitution of valine for glutamine at the sixth amino acid of the β-globin chain. 1 The mutation results in a poorly soluble hemoglobin tetramer, thereby enhancing its aggregation during cellular or tissue hypoxia, dehydration, or oxidative by: The renal features of sickle cell disease include some of the most common reasons for referral to nephrologists. This author, from the University of Kansas Medical Center, comprehensively reviews Cited by:


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Kidney in sickle cell disease by S. Kojo Addae Download PDF EPUB FB2

Keywords: Chronic kidney disease, Ghana, HbSS, HbSC, Sickle cell disease Background Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a haemoglobinopathy, which occurs due to a mutation in the globin gene of haemoglobin [ 1 ].Cited by: Fax: (+) ; E-mail: [email protected] The Kidney in Sickle Cell Disease: Pathophysiology and Clinical Review Ibrahiem Saeed Abdulrahman Sickle cell disease is a major health problem in many countries.

Sickled erythrocytes in the renal medullary ves- sels are the hallmark of the disease, and are associated with a variety of renal Author: Ibrahiem Saeed Abdulrahman. Kidney International, Vol. 7 (), p.

— EDITORIAL REVIEW The kidney in sickle cell anemia InHerrick described the first authentic case of sickle cell disease in a young student from Grenada in the West Indies [1]. He records that he was "uncertain whether the blood picture represented merely a freak.

SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND THE KIDNEY of her renal impairment and further manage­ ment, as the urinary findings may understate the extent of renal involvement in lupus ne­ phritis.6 We plan to monitor the patient's urinary red blood cell count and proteinuria and to perform a repeat biopsy if these are suggestive of active.

If your child’s sickle cell disease affects their kidneys, your child could have some or all of the conditions below. Protein in the urine — Protein does not normally leave the blood through the kidneys.

Having a lot of protein in the urine is a sign of sickle cell kidney disease. The range of kidney abnormalities associated with sickle cell disease (SCD) is wide, and the underlying pathophysiologic mechanisms are varied.

Therapeutic measures to prevent or alleviate kidney complications associated with SCD may have value. Previous chapter in book Next chapter in bookAuthor: Phuong-Thu T. Pham, Phuong-Chi T. Pham, Susie Q. Lew. This patient's renal biopsy showed no evi­dence ofimmunocomplex-dense deposits and no active lupus nephritis.5 Clearly this pa­tient's biopsy was crucial to an understanding SICKLE CELL DISEASE AND THE KIDNEY of her renal impairment and further manage­ment, as the urinary findings may understate the extent of renal involvement in lupus ne Cited by: 8.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) produces many structural and functional abnormalities in the kidney, including glomerular abnormalities. Albuminuria is the most common manifestation of glomerular damage, with a prevalence between 26 and 68% in adult by: What is known and objective.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hemoglobin disorder characterized by mutations in the beta hemoglobin genes that affect 25 million people worldwide. 1, 2 A combination of chronic, acute and neuropathic pain impairs the quality of life of SCD patients. 3 Potential treatment options include opioids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and by: 4.

Cardiopulmonary and Kidney Disease in Sickle Cell Disease: Screening and Management ASH Store; Podcasts. Listen to the podcasts below to learn more about ASH's clinical guidelines.

American Society of Hematology. L Street NW, SuiteWashington, DC Contact. Phone   The renal features of sickle cell disease (SCD) include some of the most common reasons for referral to nephrologists, such as hematuria, proteinuria, tubular disturbances and chronic kidney disease.

Therapy of these conditions requires specialized knowledge of their distinct pathogenic by: sickle cell disease or sickle cell anemia, inherited disorder of the blood in which the oxygen-carrying hemoglobin pigment in erythrocytes (red blood cells) is abnormal.

Some of the renal complications, collectively known as sickle cell nephropathy (SCN), include hematuria, hyposthenuria, renal papillary necrosis, proteinuria, renal tubular disorders, acute and chronic kidney injury, sickle cell glomerulopathy, and renal medullary : Narothama R.

Aeddula, Krishna M. Baradhi. Renal abnormalities in sickle cell disease. Sickle cell nephropathy is indicated by sickled erythrocytes, with the consequent effects of decreased medullary blood flow, ischemia, microinfarct and papillary necrosis.

Impaired urinary concentrating ability, renal acidification, hematuria, and potassium secretion are also found. There may be a causal relationship between an increase in nitric Cited by:   The management of end-organ damage represents a major challenge facing individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD), the majority of whom now survive into adulthood.

1 The prevention and treatment of SCD-related complications linked to cardiopulmonary and kidney disease are especially challenging for providers and thus are the focus of these guidelines. The American Society Author: Robert I. Liem, Robert I. Liem, Sophie Lanzkron, Thomas D.

Coates, Laura DeCastro, Ankit A. Desai, K. The management of end-organ damage represents a major challenge facing individuals living with sickle cell disease (SCD), the majority of whom now survive into adulthood.

1 The prevention and treatment of SCD-related complications linked to cardiopulmonary and kidney disease are especially challenging for providers and thus are the focus of these : Robert I.

Liem, Robert I. Liem, Sophie Lanzkron, Thomas D. Coates, Laura DeCastro, Ankit A. Desai, K. Abstract. Sickle cell disease (SCD) and trait (SCT) are acknowledged as existing in North America and Africa but often overlooked is the fact that they also are found in Central America and northern South America, primarily in those areas into which blacks were brought from by: Renal complications and involvement in sickle cell nephropathy (SCN) include altered haemodynamics, hypertrophy, assorted glomerulopathies, chronic kidney disease, acute kidney injury, impaired urinary concentrating ability, distal nephron dysfunction, haematuria, and increased risks of urinary tract infections and renal medullary by:   Patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) are at increased risk of developing a spectrum of renal complications referred to as sickle cell nephropathy (SCN).

Some manifestations of SCN are apparent from infancy, but the majority of patients do not develop symptomatic kidney by: The present review examines some of the older as well as the more recent information on the morphology of the kidney in sickle cell disease, the functional changes which occur, as well as the clinically significant syndromes with which the patient may present.

In addition, some attempt is made to correlate the anatomic and functional by:. Hemolytic anemias, including sickle cell disease, thalassemia, and their variants (see C), with: Documented painful (vaso-occlusive) crises requiring parenteral (intravenous or intramuscular) narcotic medication, occurring at least six times within a month period with at least 30 days between crises.Platelet activation has been implicated in the pathogenesis of sickle cell disease (SCD) suggesting antiplatelet agents may be therapeutic.

To evaluate the safety of prasugrel, a thienopyridine antiplatelet agent, in adult patients with SCD, we conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled study. Sickle cell trait (SCT), an inherited condition marked by having a single copy of the sickle cell gene but not the two copies needed to cause sickle cell disease (SCD), may raise the risk of chronic kidney disease, according to results of a large study led by researchers from Johns Hopkins, the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, the.